This includes experimental methodologies, computational models and simulations, the structural organisation of molecules and systems, and the physical phenomena which are at the basis of biological processes on a molecular and cellular level, including genetic mechanisms, present in living organisms, and the analysis of thermodynamic and time-varying aspects of critical mechanisms. It deals with metabolic processes and processes of acquisition, transmission and elaboration of information in living organisms, also in relation to pathological and applicative aspects in clinical settings and in relation to cognitive processes. It characterises, plans and modifies, via physical and biophysical techniques, the structure and functionality of biomolecules which are important for general health, environment and nutrition. It deals with the planning, fine-tuning and development of methodologies and physical equipment for the biotechnological, health and environmental control sectors, and also the control of exposure to sources of ionizing radiations and electromagnetic fields in relation to the different characteristics of physical nature and the interactions, on a molecular and cellular level with living organisms. Furthermore, this department covers research activity that develops methodologies and the equipment necessary for clinical and laboratory diagnoses, and molecular medicine. Life in all its forms is dealt with by rigorously applying the law and the physical and chemical methodologies. Experimental investigations are carried out using complex and state-of-the-art equipment and experimental data is supported by the development of models. Also in this department falls the research carried out with bio-physical methodologies on the expression, duplication and transmission of genetic information, and cellular development, differentiation and proliferation.